Tehran province, with an area of 13,640 km2, is located North of the central plateau of Iran and comprises 0.83% of the total area of Iran. Tehran, capital of Iran, is located between the Alborz Mountains and the Central Desert. The geographical placement has allowed the mountainous northern area of Tehran to be temperate and the lowlands semi-arid.
Tehran province is linked to Mazandaran province to North, Qom province to South, Semnan province to East and Alborz & Markaazi provinces to the West. Tehran province is comprised of 16 cities (Islamshahr, Baharestan, Pakdasht, Pardis, Pishva, Tehran, Damavand, Robatkarim, Rey, Shemiranat, Shahriar, Firoozkooh, Qods, Qarchak, Varamin and Melard), 33 counties, 44 towns and 71 districts.
Tehran province has a population of 13,267,637 (16.5% of the population of Iran). About 94% live in urban areas and 6% in rural areas.
Considering the total population of the province, 79.8% are in employment. The unemployment rate in the whole province is 11%, of which 8.9% are men and 20% women, lower than the national average. The unemployment rate is 11% for urban areas and 10.4% for rural areas.
The rate of economic participation in Tehran province is 39.8%. The share of men and women in economic participation is 65.4% and 15.1% respectively, while in urban and rural areas this is 40.4% and 39.4%, respectively.
The relative distribution of the employed in Tehran is divided to three sectors of agriculture, industry and services being 1.1%, 33.9% and 65% respectively. The mentioned statistics for men is 1.2%, 36.3% and 62.6% and for women 0.6%, 22.2% and 77.2%, respectively.
The relative distribution of employed people in urban areas for the three main economic sectors are 0.5%, 33.4% and 66.2% and in rural areas 10%, 42.8% and 46.8%, respectively.
12,118,105 people over the age of 6 reside in Tehran, 50% men and 50% women. 11,258,490 people, (about 93% of the population) are literate in the entire province.
The literacy rate of the population aged over 6 years in Tehran province is 93%, and out of 171,358 graduates, 56% are men and 43.8% women. Among graduates, 3.8% study medicine, 53% humanities, 5% basic sciences, 27% engineering, 2% agriculture and veterinary science and 8.7% art. According to statistics, the humanities are the most popular, among which law, psychology, accounting and business management are the most popular and most applied for.
Tehran accounts for about 25% of GDP in the country and ranks first among the provinces. More than 75% of Tehran’s value added is in the service sector.
In the field of foreign trade, in year ending March. 2018-2019, Tehran province exported 1,013 thousand tons, amounting to 1,663 million USD. Most of the province’s exports were to Iraq (36%), Afghanistan (23%), Turkey (7.3%), Germany (7%) and Pakistan (6%), and import performance has improved substantially thanks to Imam Khomeini Airport customs in Tehran.
Moreover, the province’s imports amounted to 518,000 tons at a value of 6.958 million USD. Most of the imports were from the United Arab Emirates (17%), Germany (13%), Turkey (11%), China (10.6%) and France (9.7%) and most import activities were through Tehran Customs, Zone 3 Postal services, Mehrabad and Imam Khomeini Airports.
Foreign investment in Tehran province is in the form of 175 projects worth 1.5 billion USD. In the year ending March. 2018-2019, 27 foreign investment projects worth 260 million USD were approved in the fields of solar energy, agriculture and conversion industries, industry, mining and trade and technology. The share of water, electricity and gas, services, transportation and communications sectors accounted for 38%, 26% and 16% of total foreign investment, respectively.